MARCH 2017 NEWSLETTER
Supervisor Malia Cohen
Keeping San Francisco’s District 10 affordable, working, healthy, and safe!
CITY HALL UPDATES
Sophia Kittler is our office’s newest Legislative Aide. Her background is in economic development and sustainable finance. She will be working closely with the neighborhood associations and groups from Potrero Hill, Dogpatch, and India Basin, and will be working on policy issues related to Parks and open Space, economic and workforce development, the San Francisco Retirement Board, banking, and tech policy.
In January, I proudly introduced legislation alongside Mayor Ed Lee that rejects any attempt from the Federal government to force the City and County of San Francisco to participate in the creation of a registry or database for people based on their religious beliefs, national origin or ethnicity, otherwise known as the “Non-Cooperation with Identity-Based Ordinance.”
Last week, the Board of Supervisors unanimously passed this ordinance. This legislation prohibits the City from using resources to create, implement, enforce, provide investigation or information for, or assist any government program requiring the registration of individuals on the basis of religion, national origin, ethnicity.
The legislation is first in the nation and responds directly to President Donald Trump’s expressed interest in what has been called a “Muslim registry.” It protects not only Muslims, but people of any faith, national origin, or ethnic background. Beyond prohibiting the City from participating in the creation of a database, the legislation also gives those who might be targeted by a registry or database the opportunity to file a lawsuit against the City, provided that they can prove that their information was shared by a City employee.
Civic leaders should be ambassadors of good will, kindness, and human decency. It is neither our role nor our responsibility to fulfill misguided actions on behalf of the federal government that would perpetuate hate among civilians.
We will fight for the safety and liberty of our residents. We will not classify individuals based on religion. We will not segregate people because of imprudent fears. We will choose love, civility, and logic.
Use of Force Hearing
On Tuesday, March 7, we will have a hearing at City Hall to receive an update on findings and recommendations regarding law enforcement practices in San Francisco. There will be an opportunity to provide public comment. The item is number 41 on the board agenda.
On December 27, 2016 San Francisco Superior Court Judge Ulmer denied the SF police union’s (SFPOA) attempt to block the Use of Force Policy Implementation for police officers.
We are committed to supporting progressive, forward-thinking policies that provide necessary reform for SFPD, including giving the 20 year old Use of Force policy an update that brings it in line with 21st century policing strategies and our 21st century values as a city. Judge Ulmer’s dismissal of the Police Officers Association’s (SFPOA) lawsuit sends a clear signal that it is time for us to move on from this dispute over shooting at moving vehicles and using carotid restraint. The City will continue to work towards the highest caliber of reform that is in the best interest of both citizen and police safety. It is time for the POA to join that reform movement.
Supervisor Cohen Appointed Chair of the Budget & Finance Committee
I have been named the Chair of the Budget and Finance Committee as well as the Budget Select Committee. Chairing the Budget and Finance Committee is no small feat and a role that comes with great responsibility which I don’t take lightly. This role is even more important under the new federal administration, which has threatened so many of our City’s progressive values like providing affordable healthcare, access to homeless services and serving as a sanctuary city for our diverse immigrant population.
Under my leadership, the Budget Committee will work hard to protect these values. Specifically, the Budget Select Committee will investigate potential federal funding and policy changes and, working with City departments and other leaders, help plan San Francisco’s defense of our values, diverse communities, and funding priorities. Our City has been the champion of progressive values and pushing the boundary on policies that reflect those values – and that’s now more important than ever.
It has been an honor serving as the Chair of the Land Use Committee and working with my colleagues on that body to shape some of the biggest and most critical housing projects and policies over the years.
Eastern Neighborhoods Five Year Monitoring Report Hearing
I have called for a hearing on the Eastern Neighborhood Five-Year Monitoring Report at the Land Use Committee on Monday, March 13 at 1:30pm. The Eastern Neighborhoods Plans represent the City’s and community’s pursuit of two key policy goals: 1) Ensuring a stable future for PDR businesses in the city by preserving lands suitable to these activities and minimizing conflicts with other land uses; and 2) Providing a significant amount of new housing affordable to low, moderate and middle income households and individuals, along with “complete neighborhoods” that provide appropriate amenities for the existing and new residents.
The ordinances that enacted the Eastern Neighborhoods Area Plans approved by the Board of Supervisors, require that the Planning Department produce five-year reports monitoring residential and commercial developments in those neighborhoods, as well as impact fees generated and public and private investments in community benefits and infrastructure. We will use this hearing as an opportunity to receive this update and the Eastern Neighborhood Citizens Advisory Committee (CAC).
IN THE COMMUNITY
Visitacion Valley Family Day
(Saturday, March 11, 2017 11am – 4pm)
Now in its 19th year, the Visitacion Valley Family Day at Herz Playground provides community members a chance to gather for a fantastic day of fun and entertainment that will feature a parade, car show, performances, a raffle, and plenty of activities for the whole family!
The parade will start at Velasco Avenue and Santos Street proceeding along Santos onto Sunnydale Avenue culminating on Hahn Street at Visitacion Avenue.
Bayview/ Linda Brooks-
Burton Branch Library Open House (5075 3rd St. (at Revere))
Saturday, March 18, 2017 1pm-4pm
Celebrate the 2 year anniversary of the branch renaming. There will be music, food, facepainting, and a very special Capoeira performance with Mestre Urubu Malandro that will get people of all ages out of their seats and moving to the beat!
Tween/Teen Maker Programs
Friday, March 10, 3:30-5:30: Teen Tech Week: Makey-Makey. Connect it to stuff!
Celebrate Teen Tech Week by playing with the Makey-Makey. Banana piano? We will have a bunch of materials for you to connect the Makey-Makey to! All materials provided, limited to 10 participants. For ages 10-18. Please contact email@example.com or call 415-355-5757.
Wednesday, March 22, 3:30-5:00: Design and Build Your Own Balloon-Powered Car
Do you think you could build a car powered by nothing but air? Can you imagine how you would want your own balloon-powered car to look? Can you design a car that will travel as far as possible? Grab some simple supplies to bring your idea to life!
Film Screening of Resilience: The Biology of Stress & The Science of Hope
The Center for Youth Wellness and San Francisco Chapter of The Links Incorporated are presenting a Bayview community mixer/resource fair and screening of KPJR Film’s Resilience: The Biology of Stress & The Science of Hope at the Bayview Opera House on Wednesday, April 5, 2017.
Resilience is the latest film from documentary director-producer James Redford and producer-writer-director Karen Pritzker. It features the work of Dr. Nadine Burke Harris – Founder and CEO of the Center for Youth Wellness and Founding Physician of the Bayview Child Health Center. The film explores the link between Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) and lifelong health.
“Understanding the science of ACEs and toxic stress gives us a powerful tool for not only addressing health disparities, but for improving the lives of all Americans. When we wake up to the fact my patient in Bayview shares a common biology with every child in America who is experiencing adversity, then perhaps we can find the will and the resources to help all children thrive.” – Dr. Nadine Burke Harris
Following the screening will be a panel discussion moderated by Belva Davis, award-winning Bay Area journalist. Confirmed panelists to date are:
- Dr. Nadine Burke Harris, Founder and CEO, Center for Youth Wellness
- James Redford, Director and Producer of Resilience
- Patricia Lee, Managing Attorney, San Francisco Office of the Public Defender
- Joi Jackson-Morgan, Executive Director, 3rd Street Youth Center & Clinic
- Tiffani Johnson, Co-Director, H2O Productions and Academic Adviser, Leadership High School
Our ultimate vision is that the audience will walk away with a deeper understanding of how ACEs impact them and their family members, and that they will know how to access resources that can support them in the healing process.
Location: Bayview Opera House
Ruth Williams Memorial Theatre
4705 Third Street
San Francisco, CA 94124
Date & Time: Wednesday, April 5, 2017
- 5:30-6:30p – Community Mixer / Resource Fair – Light Refreshments
- 6:30-7:45p – Film Screening
- 7:45-8:40p – Panel Discussion
- 8:40-9:00p – Questions & Answers
Upcoming Street Closures in District 10
The table below lists upcoming street closures, due to events such as festivals, marathons, and marches. Please note, the event dates are subject to change. Visit https://www.sfmta.com/ or call 311 for the most current information.
|March Events||Event Date||Location||Affected Lines|
|Visitacion Valley Family Day||3/11 (Sat)||Visitacion Valley||Reroutes: 8, 9, 56|
|St. Patrick’s Day Parade||3/11 (Sat)||Market Street||2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 12, 19, 21, 27, 30, 31, 38, 38R, 45, F|
|Sunday Streets||3/12 (Sun)||Mission (Valencia)||Reroutes: 12, 67, 48, 55|
|SF Delta’s||3/18 (Sat)||Kezar Stadium||N Judah ridership increase|
|SF Delta’s||3/25 (Sat)||Kezar Stadium||N Judah ridership increase|
|Rock and Roll Half Marathon||3/26 (Sun)||Civic Center to Marina Green||1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 12, 18, 19, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31(MC), 38, 43 (P/O), 45(MC), 47, 49, 61, 76X|
Homelessness 101 Workshop
The Coalition on Homelessness presents Speak On It! Voices from the Streets on March 22, 2017. In this homeless people-led workshop, we will be covering the fundamentals of homelessness in San Francisco, busting myths about homelessness, and discussing the city’s current housing crisis. Learn first-hand what it is like to experience homelessness living on the streets, shelters, and encampments and the numerous barriers to housing families, seniors, women, immigrants, and people with disabilities face. There are over 7,000 homeless people on the streets of San Francisco everyday. We need to get educated and we need a change.
Learn how you can be an advocate and ally for homeless San Franciscans and fight for the housing justice for all! For tickets, visit our Eventbrite page: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/coalition-on-homelessness-presents-homelessness-101-workshop-tickets-32169102652
For more information about the event, please e-mail Sam Lew at SLew@cohsf.org.
Small Business Day
Want to know about the many services that are available to small businesses? Don’t miss this unique opportunity to hear from government agencies, service providers and other small businesses.
The UC Berkeley/UC San Francisco Supplier Diversity Program serves diverse businesses across the Bay Area and is partnering with the following agencies to present this program:
- UC Berkeley Local Government and Community Relations Office
- UCSF Community Engagement Unit
- Small Business Administration (SBA)
- Small Business Development Centers (SBDC) of the East Bay
- California Department of General Services (DGS)
- Richmond Chamber of Commerce
- Additional service providers
The event agenda will include:
- SBA, SBDC and DGS presentations on their business counseling and workshops
- An interview with Bay Systems Inc, which participated in SBA’s 8(a) Business Development Program
- Panel discussion on capital and loans with diverse businesses.
- Breakout sessions for businesses to network
Light refreshments, coffee and tea will be available when you arrive, as well as a chance to taste offerings from caterers registered through our America To Go (ATG) catering broker. Representatives from ATG also will be present to answer your questions. For more information, please contact Jen Loy, Assistant Director Government and Community Relations: JenLoy@berkeley.edu; (510) 642-7860.
The event will take place on Tuesday, March 14, 2017 from 9am to 1pm at 1275a Hall Avenue at Marina Way South in Richmond, CA.
Please register today at Eventbrite for our event: “SMALL BUSINESS DAY NEAR THE BAY”
Public Safety Update
The Bayview Homicide Rate went down in 2016. There were 7 homicides in 2016, compared to 14 homicides in 2014 and 18 homicides in 2015. These numbers represent the strength and commitment of City Leadership, Law Enforcement, and the Community working together around public safety.
District 10 Community Clean Team
Volunteer with Public Works on Saturday, March 18, 2017!
Join us for the District 10 Community Clean Team at Warm Water Cove.
The Community Clean Team and Giant Sweep are back for 2017 and we need your help to keep our city clean, green and beautiful. Show your love for San Francisco and join the 43,000 + people who already have volunteered over the past 16 years by participating in landscaping and gardening projects, painting over graffiti and cleaning up litter in our neighborhoods.
Kick-off location: Warm Water Cove Park, 300 24th St.
- Registration: 8:30 am
- Brief speaking program: 9:00 am
- Cleaning and greening: 9:30 am – 12:15 pm
- Lunch: 12:30 pm – 1:00 pm
Sign up to volunteer: http://www.sfpublicworks.org/volunteer
Call: (415) 641-2600
Public Works Arbor Day Eco Fair
During our annual Arbor Day celebration, we focus on educating citizens of all ages about urban tree care and environmental sustainability. We also have fun!
- Carnival Games
- Face Painting
- Petting Zoo
- And Much More!
We are extremely hopeful that kids, families, and anyone else interested will join us for the fair.
Get your free tickets at Eventbrite: https://www.eventbrite.com/e/sf-public-works-arbor-day-eco-fair-tickets-32380331443
Gigantic 3 Recycling Program
Get rid of your junk!
Saturday, March 18, 2017 8 am – 12 pm
District residents can get rid of unwanted junk for FREE at the next Gigantic 3 Recycling event! Scheduling an appointment is recommended. To set up an appointment, call (415) 330-1300 before 12:00 pm on Friday, https://www.eventbrite.com/e/sf-public-works-arbor-day-eco-fair-tickets-32380331443.
Drop off location for District 10 residents will be on Tennesse Street between 23rd & 24th St. This location will also offer free compost and document shredding.
To learn more about SF Public Works’ event, visit out website at http://www.sfpublicworks.org/services/gigantic-3-recycling-program
Get Unpaid Traffic Tickets Forgiven!
Through the California Amnesty Program you may be eligible to have the amount of the ticket reduced up to 80 percent and get your driver’s license reinstated if you have unpaid traffic tickets that you received before 2013. If you have more recent tickets you may still be able to get the hold on your driver’s license lifted. All eligible community members need to get their applications sent into the credit agencies that are processing these applications, as soon as possible. The program ends on March 31, 2017!
Since each county has a different process, accessing the Amnesty Program can be very complicated–but we can help. Bayview/Hunters Point Community Legal is currently helping community members apply and navigate the California Amnesty Program. We have successfully helped multiple community members get their traffic tickets reduced and their driver’s license reinstated.
Tammy Jackson, a long-time Bayview resident, came into our office this year with a big problem: her driver’s license had been suspended and she owed $2,901 for her traffic tickets. BHP Community Legal took the case, and three months later everything changed. We reduced her traffic tickets to $448, eliminated her debt from traffic violations, and helped her secure a valid driver’s license. Tammy remembers the experience with relief. “I am really happy that I no longer have to worry about these traffic tickets and I was able to get my driver’s license reinstated. I am grateful that I am able to drive again.”
If you live in the 94124, 94134, or 94107 zip codes and would like to schedule an appointment to get help with amnesty applications, please complete the pre-intake form on our website at bhpcl.org or simply stop by our office at 4622 3rd Street (Monday-Friday, 9:00am-5:00pm). If you would like to learn more about the Amnesty Program and the eligibility criteria check out: http://www.courts.ca.gov/trafficamnesty.htm or http://www.projectlegallink.org/resources/ticket-amnesty-program-information-2/
BHPCL also helps with other civil legal needs like employment, housing, family law, immigration, estate planning, elder law and consumer issues. Call us at (415) 735-4124 if you have any questions. We look forward to helping you!
Tell Us Your Vision of San Francisco’s Transportation Future
Join a new collaborative effort to assess San Franciscans’ priorities, goals and aspirations for its transportation network.
Called Connect SF, the intent is to define a 50-year vision for San Francisco’s transportation future.
Transportation affects everyone’s daily lives; whether you walk, drive, carpool, car-share, bike, or take public transit. The decisions we make today will have lasting effects for generations to come – just as projects of the past affect our daily lives now.
Come to a Connect SF Open House from 6:45 p.m.-7:45 p.m. on Monday, March 13 at Southeast Community Facility (Alex Pitcher Community Room), 1800 Oakdale Ave., San Francisco. (The Open House will follow the regularly scheduled meeting of the Hunters Point Shipyard Citizens Advisory Committee.)
The Open House will offer more information about Connect SF, feature interactive activities and a brief survey. City staff will be on hand to provide information and answer questions.
Refreshments will be provided.
Stay the entire Open House – or come for less time if you like.
San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC) Internship and Employment Program Applications NOW OPEN!
The SFPUC is pleased to foster the next generation of environmental stewards through professional development opportunities. Join one of San Francisco’s largest employers and learn more about our City’s infrastructure and the environment. All internships are paid.
For more information, visit www.sfwater.org/internships
Renaissance Entrepreneurship Center
Renaissance Entrepreneurship Center strives to empower and increase the entrepreneurial capacities of socially and economically diverse women and men, and thereby strengthen our communities through the creation of sustainable new businesses, new jobs, and the promotion of financial self – sufficiency.
The Bayview Women Program provides training, mentorship and peer support to aspiring women entrepreneurs at Alice Griffith, Hunter’s View and throughout the Bayview Community. The program includes: business planning, financial management, access to capital, skill building and networking. For more information please contact Kismeth Harris at firstname.lastname@example.org or call (415) 647-3728.
RenTank Contest: Bayview Women participants who completed the 14-week business training program will compete for start-up grants to launch their new business ventures. The contest ” RenTank”, mirroring the show Shark Tank, will test the training and skill development of participants in the program. The event will be held on March 29, 2017. For more information contact Kismeth Harris at email@example.com or call (415) 647-3728.
Hercules in The Bayview: Theatrical Reading and Community Dialogue
Presented by Theater of War Productions
Hercules in the Bayview is an innovative social impact theater project that presents dramatic readings by acclaimed actors of scenes from Euripides’ The Madness of Hercules–an ancient play about an unspeakable act of violence–as a catalyst for powerful audience driven dialogue about the impact of violence upon individuals, families, and communities today. Each performance is followed by community panelist remarks and a facilitated town hall discussion.
Partners include: Bret Harte School and OnePurpose School, Golden State Warriors, Bayview Hunters Point YMCA, The San Francisco Foundation, KQED, The 3rd Street Youth Center & Clinic, Infinity Productions Inc., D10 Supervisor Malia Cohen, and The San Francisco Chapter of The Links, Incorporated
Location: Bayview Opera House
Ruth Williams Memorial Theatre
4705 Third Street
San Francisco, CA 94124
Date & Time: Thursday, April 27, 2017
- 6:30pm – Arrival – Light Refreshments
- 6:45pm – Welcome and Introduction – Supervisor Malia Cohen, District 10; Mary L. Booker, Founder, Infinity Productions; Antonio Tapia, Principal, OnePurpose School
- 7:00pm – Theatrical Reading – “The Madness of Hercules”
7:45pm – Community Dialogue
CONSTRUCTION WORK AND OTHER UPDATES
Thursday, March 2 through Saturday, March 4: A street closure of Carroll Avenue between 3rd Street and the westerly terminus will be required from 10 a.m., Thursday to 6 p.m., Saturday.
There will be no impact on Muni service.
Google Next at BGCA
Saturday, March 4 through Next Wednesday, March 8: Google Next conference events will take place at the Bill Graham Civic Auditorium from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. each day.
A street closure of Grove Street between Polk and Larkin streets will be required from 4 a.m., Saturday to 11:59 p.m., next Thursday.
There will be no impact on Muni service.
NEW: Transbay Terminal Construction
Saturday, March 4 through Saturday, April 1: Construction work for the Transbay Terminal will require a full street closure of Beale Street between Mission and Howard streets.
The street closure will require temporary reroutes of multiple Muni lines off Beale Street. There will also be a traffic detour.
The following Muni routes will be affected:
- 5 Fulton
- 5R Fulton Rapid
- 6 Haight/Parnassus
- 7 Haight/Noriega
- 7R Haight/Noriega Rapid
- 30X Marina Express
- 38 Geary
- 38R Geary Rapid
- 41 Union
- 81X Caltrain Express
- 82X Levi Plaza Express
During the street closure, traffic will be detoured:
- Traffic heading southbound Beale Street will turn east onto Mission Street and continue southbound travel on Spear Street
- Eastbound traffic on Mission Street heading to the Bay Bridge should use 1st Street traveling southbound. All lanes on 1st Street between Mission and Howards streets will be open at all times
Motorists are advised to allow extra travel time and to avoid traveling around the construction area if possible.
UPDATE: Van Ness Improvement Project
This civic improvement project will bring San Francisco’s first Bus Rapid Transit system. To maximize the benefits of construction, we will also be replacing major utilities including water, sewer and emergency firefighting water systems, repaving Van Ness Avenue, enhancing streetlights and landscaping, and installing new sidewalk lighting and rain gardens.
Construction in the median of Van Ness has begun and includes the removal of contaminated soil, 86 trees and the concrete curb. This work is necessary to provide room for construction activity and to maintain two lanes of traffic in each direction over the next three years of construction. Curbside utility work is scheduled to begin in April.
On Sunday, March 5, between the hours of 10 p.m. and 5 a.m., the Overhead Contact System will be removed on Van Ness from Post to California streets. Some traffic lanes may be closed for this activity.
Construction schedules are subject to change due to weather or unforeseen conditions.
For more project details and the latest construction updates, please visit sfmta.com/vanness.
ONGOING: Central Subway Project
Due to heavy rain these past few weeks, utility work at the intersection of 4th and Welsh streets has been extended. The Project continues to collaborate with other service providers to coordinate schedules and work. Traffic reroutes are projected to remain in effect for the next several weeks. Currently, Welsh at 4th streets is closed and the two-way street configuration continues during construction.
Central Subway project is the first underground line to link the north and south corridors of the city, and will provide a direct connection to major retail, sporting and cultural venues while efficiently transporting people to jobs, educational opportunities and other amenities throughout San Francisco.
This is an exciting time as the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency’s Central Subway team works to construct a vital transportation link that, when open in 2019, will improve connectivity for the city.
ONGOING: Construction of Mission Bay Loop
Now until Further Notice: The SFMTA has resumed construction on 18th, 19th and Illinois streets, the project is expected to be completed in five to six months.
The Mission Bay Loop is a key component for San Francisco’s T Third rail line and is critical to operating the T Third Central Subway service plan. The loop provides turn-around capabilities for the T Third Street light rail line via a connection of trackway from 3rd Street to 18th, Illinois and 19th streets, which will allow the SFMTA to operate the necessary service levels needed to support current and planned growth within the eastern portion of San Francisco.
Traffic, including travelling by bike, may be affected by the construction work. All work areas will be clearly marked and there will be flaggers to help direct traffic. Travelling around and through the construction area should expect minor delays.
On December 5, the contractor began the sewer excavation work starting at 19th and Illinois streets, general work hours are from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday.
Due to weather conditions, the contractor conducted sewer work at the intersection of 19th and Illinois streets on Saturday, February 11. Weather permitting, the sewer work will continue on Saturday, February 18. Work hours will be from 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. The entire sewer work will take approximately two to three months to complete and will affect approximately 80 feet of space in all directions from the intersection.
Local access to properties along the project site will be maintained.
For project details or to sign up to receive project updates, please visit:
ONGOING: Green Light Rail Center Track Replacement Project
Since Tuesday September 6, the K-Ingleside and J-Church were rerouted around the Balboa Park Station and will last until approximately March 2017.
Temporary Change to K-Ingleside Rail Service:
- The first and last stop for both inbound and outbound travel is at the City College Pedestrian Bridge on Ocean Avenue
- There is no direct service to the Balboa Park Station
For direct K service, passengers can transfer at Ocean and Lee to the following frequently serviced Muni routes:
- 8-Bayshore (transfer on the Phelan bus loop on Ocean and Phelan)
- 29-Sunset (transfer at the Ocean and Lee stop in front of Whole Foods).
- 49-Van Ness/Mission (transfer on the City College bus loop on Ocean and Phelan)
To reach Balboa Park Station, passengers can also walk about three accessible blocks from the City College Pedestrian Bridge stop to the Ocean Avenue entrance of the station.
Temporary Change to J-Church Rail Service:
- Both inbound and outbound service is on San Jose Avenue
Customers traveling inbound should board at the temporary stop in the southeast corner of San Jose and Geneva avenues, across the street from the inbound stop for the M Ocean View line (Accessible boarding at Seneca Avenue).
Customers travelling outbound will be dropped off at the existing accessible M line stop on San Jose Avenue at Geneva Avenue (Accessible off-boarding at Wayside lift).
For more project details, please visit sfmta.com/greenlightrail.
REMINDER: Casual Carpool Pick-Up New Location
Due to a new construction project at 160 Folsom Street, the Casual Carpool staging area previously on the west side of Spear and north of Folsom streets has been temporarily relocated as of Monday, January 30.
The new location for Casual Carpool pickup will be the west side of Spear Street between Mission and Howard Streets. The operation hours remains unchanged, from 3 to 7 p.m., Mondays through Fridays.